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ADHD stands for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. It is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects both children and adults, though it is often diagnosed in childhood. ADHD is characterized by persistent patterns of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity that can impact daily functioning and quality of life.

The exact cause of ADHD is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, neurological, and environmental factors. Brain imaging studies have shown differences in the brain structure and activity of individuals with ADHD compared to those without the disorder.

Treatment for ADHD often involves a multimodal approach, which may include:

  1. Behavioral Interventions: Behavioral therapy, psychoeducation, and counseling can help individuals develop coping strategies, organizational skills, and effective time management techniques.

  2. Medication: Stimulant medications (e.g., methylphenidate, amphetamine-based medications) and non-stimulant medications (e.g., atomoxetine) can help manage symptoms by affecting certain neurotransmitters in the brain.

  3. Lifestyle and Environmental Changes: Creating structured routines, setting up a supportive environment, and promoting healthy lifestyle habits (adequate sleep, regular exercise, balanced nutrition) can contribute to symptom management.

  4. Parent and Teacher Involvement: In the case of children, involving parents and teachers in the treatment process can help create consistent strategies and support systems.

It's important to note that while ADHD can present challenges, many individuals with the disorder also possess unique strengths and talents. Early diagnosis and appropriate management strategies can greatly improve the quality of life for individuals with ADHD. 

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